Whats a pandemic?

Why COVID 19 is declared as a coronavirus pandemic?

The coronavirus outbreak is now a global pandemic. Whats a pandemic, What exactly does that mean and more importantly what does it mean to you?

COVID 19 : coronavirus pandemic


The World Health Organization has officially declared that COVID 19, the disease caused by the new coronavirus as a pandemic.

WHO assessed this outbreak around the clock to check the levels of spread and severity. It assessed that COVID 19 can be characterized as a pandemic

Whats a pandemic?

Let’s break it down:

      • Endemic– a disease is “endemic” if it’s restricted to a particular people or in a certain area. That level is referred to as the endemic level
      • Epidemic– when this level spikes up you get an “epidemic”. An outbreak across a region, a country, or maybe even multiple countries. the Ebola outbreak in West Africa in 2013 that was an epidemic
      • pandemic– when an epidemic goes global that’s “pandemic”. 

COVID 19 is a whole new disease that we don’t have immunity to, it’s crossing borders and continents.

It’s spreading quickly from person to person and infecting a large number of people and in many cases, it has a high death toll.

whats a pandemic


How coronavirus pandemic happened? 

Here’s the basic timeline:

      • the coronavirus first appeared in China in December 2019
      • by February we had a name for the virus “Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)” and a name for the disease it caused is COVID 19
      • by March there were cases of COVID 19 in every continent except for Antarctica
      • We also started to see communities spread. that’s when the disease spreads to people who haven’t been to an outbreak zone

Equally important point is , the incubation period for COVID 19 can be as long as 14 days, that means it takes up to two weeks for people to show serious symptoms. Meaning people can spread the virus without even knowing it. So from one hot spot in China, we saw outbreaks popping up all across the world

China the government announced a travel lockdown across the entire country, that’s 60 million people effectively in quarantine. But even as the number of confirmed cases of COVID 19 past a hundred thousand and the death toll passed thousands; the World Health Organization didn’t declare a pandemic.  

With the death toll climbing and entire countries on lockdown, that situation finally changed, and WHO had to accept it as pandemic spread by the coronavirus.

pandemic is not a word to use lightly or carelessly. You should be very clear about what’s a pandemic. It’s a word that if misused can cause unreasonable fear.

So now we’re in a global pandemic. This is the first pandemic caused by a coronavirus. Since this has been declared as a pandemic, there are some important things to bear in mind

      • the first is that as person-to-person transmission increases and more people get tested you’re probably going to see a jump in the number of cases
      • remember there were issues getting testing kits out in the early stages, so some cases were going un-diagnosed
      • a rise in confirmed cases doesn’t necessarily mean the catastrophic death toll

 Don’t worry; the world is still pretty well placed to deal with this. Especially compared to the last big pandemic we faced a hundred years ago, Spanish flu. Hospitals are better prepared for coronavirus pandemic, we have technology that lets us work from home and we have grocery delivery services.

 So while we don’t know what the next few months will look like, just remember to:

          • Keep Calm
          • wash your hands
          • stay at home 
          • self-isolate

(For informational purpose only. Consult your local medical authority for advice.

Check the CDC and WHO websites for up-to-date, reliable information about coronavirus.)