Is COVID 19, One of the most contagious diseases?
Since time in immemorial, contagious diseases are very much a part of human history. These are some of the contagious diseases we came across.
Variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
Of the above diseases, it will be naïve to designate or single out one particular disease as the most contagious disease. Each and every disease mentioned above was dangerous in one or the other way. The new coronavirus disease, COVID 19 too falls in this category. This too is one among the most contagious disease in human history.
Viral spread: How to prevent the spread of Coronavirus?
How do we prevent this viral spread, which is causing a lot of anxiety and a lot of preparedness is happening around the world
WHO, world health organization states that:
- The incubation period of coronavirus is up to 14 days
- Sometimes it could be longer even up to 24 days
- Typically symptoms show in about 05 days
Based on the studies, WHO says that based on 44,000 patients with the virus
- 81% developed mild symptoms
- 14% developed severe symptoms and
- 5% became critically ill
- The death rate between 1 and 2%
Focus is on slowing the spread of the disease through what’s called social distancing: things like dismissing school or postponing mass gatherings, rather than just trying to keep it out of the community. And there are also things we as individuals can do to help prevent the spread of the disease
What we have to do is the best way to prevent getting infected is to avoid getting exposure to such cases there are very few steps which can be followed to prevent this viral spread.
Germ watch: how to keep a tab on these germs?
Few quick tips on how to reduce the amount of germs you’re exposed to in the environment.
- Hand-washing is your first line of defense against infection.
We touch our face multiple times an hour. If we haven’t washed our hands we are increasing the odds of getting sick.
- Consider carrying your own pen. If you’re running errands, there’s a good chance you’ll need to sign something. Pens are touched by hundreds of people a day and they’re never washed.
- “Travel sized hand sanitizer” is a good backup to have for you, for your electronic keypads or other communal items.
- Skip the handshake. Try Indian styled “Namaste” instead
- Equally important, for a germ watch, clean your cell phone. Sanitize and cell phone wipes available commercially.
Cell phones are covered in germs and bacteria. It’s always a good idea to clean those frequently.
- another important thing is “cough etiquette” so if you are sneezing or if you are getting cough, don’t do it openly make sure you use a tissue paper and after you throw it in a dustbin after use.
The cough etiquette here means you cough into your sleeve, when you cough into your sleeve you prevent a spread of the droplets which come from your nose or your mouth when you’re coughing.
WHO further said that, about 80% of people recover without medical treatment and some people become infected but they don’t develop any symptoms or feel unwell.
It starts with a fever followed by a dry cough it can then lead to a shortness of breath and some patients require hospital treatment. Other symptoms are:
- nasal congestion
- sore throats
- muscle aches
Like any other contagious viral disease, containing the viral spread is the most challenging task ahead, that too when dealing with one of the most contagious disease like COVID 19. Easiest way for the virus to spread exponentially is by targeting the most vulnerable section in the society. We can call this section as high risk group.
If you’re in a high-risk group with existing medical conditions or the elderly experiencing fever, cough and breathing difficulties, you should seek medical attention.
You should call the medical services, rather than going to hospitals or medical centers, where there is a risk that you will spread the virus to others too.
Finally, repeating the first point, Frequently wash your hands at least for twenty seconds avoid crowded places and do not touch your mouth, eye or nose with unwashed hands that is the most important thing.
Coronaviruses are so structured that it is smeared by an envelope of oily material, soap is good at disrupting and dissolving oily stuff. So washing your hands with soap and water for 20 seconds is a genuinely effective way of destroying virus particles.
There is nothing much to panic, if we follow these simple infection control measures and keep a germ watch, then we can definitely dodge one of the most dangerous disease from occurring us or getting transmitted to others.
(For informational purpose only. Consult your local medical authority for advice.