What is the incubation period for coronavirus?
The coronavirus that was recently discovered in Wuhan China, is a beta coronavirus. It’s the seventh Coronavirus found to cause illness in humans.
Unlike other coronaviruses, it can cause respiratory and gastrointestinal infections, due to its ability to bind to respiratory and gastrointestinal cells with its viral proteins. It can also lead to a variable clinical picture.
Following the exposure, the incubation period for virus is believed to be from 2 to 14 days. After getting exposed to the virus it takes approximately 2 to 14 days to experience symptoms and become ill with it.
It can have a variable clinical presentation, so in some instances, patients can have this virus and be asymptomatic. That can have no symptoms or they may have some mild symptoms and it can even go up to severe illness and even mortality.
People having pre-existing comorbidities can be risk factors for contracting this virus and having a worse clinical presentation, or more severe illness.
Coronavirus diagnosis is through detecting the viral genome by “real-time qPCR or Quantitative PCR (qPCR), or quantitative real-time PCR”. This is the presently used method to detect the virus and make an affirmative diagnosis.
RNA tests can confirm the diagnosis of SARS-CoV-2 cases (COVID-19) with qPCR (Quantitative PCR) or using a real-time PCR method.
At present nucleic acid detection techniques like reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) are
Considered as an effective method for confirming the coronavirus diagnosis in clinical cases of COVID-19
A lot of companies across the world are diligently working to develop SARS-CoV-2 specific nucleic acid detection kits.
Some laboratories are developing their own in-house RT-PCR.
However, in the present scenario, due to the lack of specific therapeutic agents against SARS-CoV-2, the hospitalized patients confirmed for the disease will receive supportive care like oxygen therapy and fluid therapy along with the antibiotic therapy for managing secondary bacterial infections
How do we prevent getting infected with this virus?
- Wash hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. Can use an alcohol-based sanitizer instead.
- Avoid close contact: close contact is defined as 2 meters or 6 feet radius.
- Avoid travel to affected areas
- If you are sick or are possibly ill: avoid going to work or workplaces. This is to avoid infecting others
- Maintain respiratory hygiene: it means to avoid touching our mouth/ nose /eyes /face if your hands are not washed.
- May use face mask: you may be asymptomatic or you may be in an area where there is a lot of this virus.
- Quarantine: if you or someone else is sick or coming back from an area that has this viral outbreak, quarantine for 14 days, that is the incubation period for the virus
(For informational purpose only. Consult your local medical authority for advice.)